Next Secondary schools

Redbourn Footpath 046, Redbourn, AL3 7NP | Primary Schools

Compared to other places, the availability and standards of local primary schools are very good

Redbourn Footpath 046 has 1 state primary schools within a reasonable walking distance and a further 19 within driving distance. There are also several options for private education locally.

Ofsted rating
Number of Schools within walking / driving distance
Outstanding

1 within a 15 minute walk

5 more within driving distance

Good

0 within a 15 minute walk

11 more within driving distance

Requires improvement

0 within a 15 minute walk

3 more within driving distance

Inadequate

0 within a 15 minute walk

0 more within driving distance

Redbourn Primary School

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Outstanding by Ofsted in 2015
0.7miles 14 mins walk
Outstanding
Map for 51.80092732179495,-0.40403290408029713

Redbourn Primary School is a state school that is rated outstanding by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 15 min walk/2 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be the best in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Brockswood Primary School

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Outstanding by Ofsted in 2015
1.4miles 5 mins drive
Outstanding
Map for 51.77952398040941,-0.4359407098877657

Brockswood Primary School is a state school that is rated outstanding by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 5 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the best in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Holtsmere End Infant and Nursery School

  • Ages 3-7 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2017
1.7miles 6 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.77663841853459,-0.4414182436837331

Holtsmere End Infant and Nursery School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 6 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 7, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the better schools in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Jupiter Community Free School

  • Ages 4-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2017
2.0miles 7 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.775795686636286,-0.4477236336540011

Jupiter Community Free School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 7 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 4 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the better schools in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Maple Grove Primary School

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2018
2.1miles 7 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.77423468514043,-0.4493570976019631

Maple Grove Primary School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 7 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the poorer performing schools in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Flamstead Village School

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2018
2.1miles 7 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.81601125383087,-0.4371876151674623

Flamstead Village School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 7 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the poorer performing schools in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Hammond Academy

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Outstanding by Ofsted in 2009
2.5miles 9 mins drive
Outstanding
Map for 51.76911738049027,-0.45543107102375174

Hammond Academy is a state school that is rated outstanding by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 9 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the best in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Aycliffe Drive Primary School

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Requires improvement by Ofsted in 2017
2.5miles 9 mins drive
Requires improvement
Map for 51.771618256700414,-0.4582589332605489

Aycliffe Drive Primary School is a state school that by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 9 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the worst in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Roundwood Primary School

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Outstanding by Ofsted in 2006
2.5miles 9 mins drive
Outstanding
Map for 51.81986069319313,-0.3716466881154062

Roundwood Primary School is a state school that is rated outstanding by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 9 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the best in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Wood End School

  • Ages 4-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Outstanding by Ofsted in 2008
2.7miles 9 mins drive
Outstanding
Map for 51.82664009092659,-0.38138613006772787

Wood End School is a state school that is rated outstanding by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 9 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 4 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the best in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

St Nicholas CofE VA Primary School

  • Ages 4-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2017
2.8miles 9 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.81702354872685,-0.35837220784888074

St Nicholas CofE VA Primary School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 9 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 4 and 11 of Church of England faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the poorer performing schools in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Hobletts Manor Infants' School

  • Ages 3-7 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2018
2.8miles 9 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.75878187382524,-0.4483071246522256

Hobletts Manor Infants' School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 9 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 7, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the poorer performing schools in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

St Dominic Catholic Primary School

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Outstanding by Ofsted in 2009
2.8miles 10 mins drive
Outstanding
Map for 51.81182145870798,-0.3509596943625551

St Dominic Catholic Primary School is a state school that is rated outstanding by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 10 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11 of Roman Catholic faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the better schools in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Yewtree Primary School

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Requires improvement by Ofsted in 2018
2.8miles 10 mins drive
Requires improvement
Map for 51.76481057271376,-0.4595632234352611

Yewtree Primary School is a state school that by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 10 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the worst in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Harpenden Academy

  • Ages 4-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Requires improvement by Ofsted in 2015
2.9miles 10 mins drive
Requires improvement
Map for 51.815839184222874,-0.3534099725484315

Harpenden Academy is a state school that by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 10 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 4 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be the worst in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Leverstock Green Church of England Primary School

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2018
2.9miles 10 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.7503416050103,-0.4289086666831051

Leverstock Green Church of England Primary School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 10 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11 of Church of England faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the worst in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Redbourn Primary School

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Outstanding by Ofsted in 2015
0.7miles 14 mins walk
Outstanding
Map for 51.80092732179495,-0.40403290408029713

Redbourn Primary School is a state school that is rated outstanding by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 15 min walk/2 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be the best in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Brockswood Primary School

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Outstanding by Ofsted in 2015
1.4miles 5 mins drive
Outstanding
Map for 51.77952398040941,-0.4359407098877657

Brockswood Primary School is a state school that is rated outstanding by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 5 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the best in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Holtsmere End Junior School

  • Ages 7-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2017
1.7miles 6 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.777201034188025,-0.4418047339174482

Holtsmere End Junior School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 6 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 7 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the better schools in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Jupiter Community Free School

  • Ages 4-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2017
2.0miles 7 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.775795686636286,-0.4477236336540011

Jupiter Community Free School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 7 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 4 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the better schools in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Maple Grove Primary School

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2018
2.1miles 7 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.77423468514043,-0.4493570976019631

Maple Grove Primary School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 7 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the poorer performing schools in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Flamstead Village School

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2018
2.1miles 7 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.81601125383087,-0.4371876151674623

Flamstead Village School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 7 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the poorer performing schools in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Hammond Academy

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Outstanding by Ofsted in 2009
2.5miles 9 mins drive
Outstanding
Map for 51.76911738049027,-0.45543107102375174

Hammond Academy is a state school that is rated outstanding by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 9 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the best in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Aycliffe Drive Primary School

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Requires improvement by Ofsted in 2017
2.5miles 9 mins drive
Requires improvement
Map for 51.771618256700414,-0.4582589332605489

Aycliffe Drive Primary School is a state school that by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 9 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the worst in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Roundwood Primary School

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Outstanding by Ofsted in 2006
2.5miles 9 mins drive
Outstanding
Map for 51.81986069319313,-0.3716466881154062

Roundwood Primary School is a state school that is rated outstanding by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 9 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the best in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Wood End School

  • Ages 4-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Outstanding by Ofsted in 2008
2.7miles 9 mins drive
Outstanding
Map for 51.82664009092659,-0.38138613006772787

Wood End School is a state school that is rated outstanding by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 9 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 4 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the best in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

St Nicholas CofE VA Primary School

  • Ages 4-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2017
2.8miles 9 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.81702354872685,-0.35837220784888074

St Nicholas CofE VA Primary School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 9 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 4 and 11 of Church of England faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the poorer performing schools in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

St Dominic Catholic Primary School

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Outstanding by Ofsted in 2009
2.8miles 10 mins drive
Outstanding
Map for 51.81182145870798,-0.3509596943625551

St Dominic Catholic Primary School is a state school that is rated outstanding by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 10 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11 of Roman Catholic faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the better schools in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Yewtree Primary School

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Requires improvement by Ofsted in 2018
2.8miles 10 mins drive
Requires improvement
Map for 51.76481057271376,-0.4595632234352611

Yewtree Primary School is a state school that by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 10 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the worst in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Hobletts Manor Junior School

  • Ages 7-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2017
2.9miles 10 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.75854224835603,-0.44990918506931404

Hobletts Manor Junior School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 10 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 7 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the worst in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Harpenden Academy

  • Ages 4-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Requires improvement by Ofsted in 2015
2.9miles 10 mins drive
Requires improvement
Map for 51.815839184222874,-0.3534099725484315

Harpenden Academy is a state school that by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 10 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 4 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be the worst in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Leverstock Green Church of England Primary School

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2018
2.9miles 10 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.7503416050103,-0.4289086666831051

Leverstock Green Church of England Primary School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 10 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11 of Church of England faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the worst in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

St Luke's School

  • Ages 7-16 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2018
0.9miles 3 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.803842028792076,-0.4041330332715636

St Luke's School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted catering for pupils with special educational needs. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 3 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 7 and 16, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Haywood Grove School

  • Ages 5-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2018
2.1miles 7 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.77423468514043,-0.4493570976019631

Haywood Grove School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted catering for pupils with special educational needs. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 7 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 5 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.