Next Secondary schools

Childwickbury, St Albans, AL3 6JU | Primary Schools

Compared to other places, the availability and standards of local primary schools are good

Childwickbury has 1 state primary schools within a reasonable walking distance and a further 19 within driving distance. There are also several options for private education locally.

Ofsted rating
Number of Schools within walking / driving distance
Outstanding

0 within a 15 minute walk

8 more within driving distance

Good

1 within a 15 minute walk

11 more within driving distance

Requires improvement

0 within a 15 minute walk

0 more within driving distance

Inadequate

0 within a 15 minute walk

0 more within driving distance

Margaret Wix Primary School

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2016
0.6miles 12 mins walk
Good
Map for 51.77088680829306,-0.3423934423029256

Margaret Wix Primary School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 10 min walk/2 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the better schools in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Garden Fields Junior Mixed and Infant School

  • Ages 5-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2018
1.1miles 4 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.76435213269988,-0.33747380451463244

Garden Fields Junior Mixed and Infant School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 4 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 5 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the better schools in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Bernards Heath Infant and Nursery School

  • Ages 3-7 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2016
1.5miles 5 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.76140172400694,-0.3266272690296736

Bernards Heath Infant and Nursery School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 5 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 7, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the poorer performing schools in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Wheatfields Infants' and Nursery School

  • Ages 3-7 , Mixed
  • Rated Outstanding by Ofsted in 2014
1.7miles 6 mins drive
Outstanding
Map for 51.77084497095323,-0.3116539259470732

Wheatfields Infants' and Nursery School is a state school that is rated outstanding by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 6 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 7, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the best in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Aboyne Lodge Junior Mixed and Infant School

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2018
1.7miles 6 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.75505380306877,-0.3386990962417984

Aboyne Lodge Junior Mixed and Infant School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 6 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the poorer performing schools in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Maple Primary School

  • Ages 4-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Outstanding by Ofsted in 2006
1.7miles 6 mins drive
Outstanding
Map for 51.755886997798896,-0.33213404815522674

Maple Primary School is a state school that is rated outstanding by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 6 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 4 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the best in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Alban City School

  • Ages 5-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2018
1.8miles 6 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.75458116114451,-0.33452928348978417

Alban City School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 6 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 5 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the poorer performing schools in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

St Michael's Church of England Voluntary Aided Primary School, St Albans

  • Ages 5-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2017
1.8miles 6 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.75323476345517,-0.3557747360495519

St Michael's Church of England Voluntary Aided Primary School, St Albans is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 6 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 5 and 11 of Church of England faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the poorer performing schools in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

The Grove Infant and Nursery School

  • Ages 3-7 , Mixed
  • Rated Outstanding by Ofsted in 2007
2.1miles 7 mins drive
Outstanding
Map for 51.808024000115935,-0.3367087723429699

The Grove Infant and Nursery School is a state school that is rated outstanding by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 7 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 7, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the best in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Skyswood Primary & Nursery School

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Outstanding by Ofsted in 2014
2.1miles 7 mins drive
Outstanding
Map for 51.76747588903882,-0.3031130499294454

Skyswood Primary & Nursery School is a state school that is rated outstanding by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 7 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the better schools in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

St John Fisher Roman Catholic Primary School

  • Ages 4-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2017
2.1miles 7 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.765857793806155,-0.3037679013390652

St John Fisher Roman Catholic Primary School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 7 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 4 and 11 of Roman Catholic faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the worst in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

The Abbey Church of England Voluntary Aided Primary School, St Albans

  • Ages 4-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Outstanding by Ofsted in 2008
2.2miles 7 mins drive
Outstanding
Map for 51.74763503279235,-0.34249142589111176

The Abbey Church of England Voluntary Aided Primary School, St Albans is a state school that is rated outstanding by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 7 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 4 and 11 of Church of England faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the better schools in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Sandridge School

  • Ages 4-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2018
2.3miles 8 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.78063417218719,-0.2958638993894308

Sandridge School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 8 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 4 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the worst in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

St Dominic Catholic Primary School

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Outstanding by Ofsted in 2009
2.3miles 8 mins drive
Outstanding
Map for 51.81182145870798,-0.3509596943625551

St Dominic Catholic Primary School is a state school that is rated outstanding by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 8 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11 of Roman Catholic faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the better schools in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

St Peter's School

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2018
2.3miles 8 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.74640684119945,-0.33511964415722634

St Peter's School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 8 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the worst in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Prae Wood Primary School

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2018
2.3miles 8 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.745609808940046,-0.3590066331783799

Prae Wood Primary School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 8 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be the worst in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Margaret Wix Primary School

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2016
0.6miles 12 mins walk
Good
Map for 51.77088680829306,-0.3423934423029256

Margaret Wix Primary School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 10 min walk/2 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the better schools in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Garden Fields Junior Mixed and Infant School

  • Ages 5-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2018
1.1miles 4 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.76435213269988,-0.33747380451463244

Garden Fields Junior Mixed and Infant School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 4 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 5 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the better schools in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Bernards Heath Junior School

  • Ages 7-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Outstanding by Ofsted in 2009
1.3miles 4 mins drive
Outstanding
Map for 51.76469842280642,-0.3282878506933397

Bernards Heath Junior School is a state school that is rated outstanding by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 4 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 7 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the best in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Wheatfields Junior Mixed School

  • Ages 7-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2017
1.7miles 6 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.77084497095323,-0.3116539259470732

Wheatfields Junior Mixed School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 6 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 7 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the poorer performing schools in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Aboyne Lodge Junior Mixed and Infant School

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2018
1.7miles 6 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.75505380306877,-0.3386990962417984

Aboyne Lodge Junior Mixed and Infant School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 6 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the poorer performing schools in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Maple Primary School

  • Ages 4-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Outstanding by Ofsted in 2006
1.7miles 6 mins drive
Outstanding
Map for 51.755886997798896,-0.33213404815522674

Maple Primary School is a state school that is rated outstanding by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 6 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 4 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the best in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Alban City School

  • Ages 5-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2018
1.8miles 6 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.75458116114451,-0.33452928348978417

Alban City School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 6 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 5 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the poorer performing schools in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

St Michael's Church of England Voluntary Aided Primary School, St Albans

  • Ages 5-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2017
1.8miles 6 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.75323476345517,-0.3557747360495519

St Michael's Church of England Voluntary Aided Primary School, St Albans is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 6 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 5 and 11 of Church of England faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the poorer performing schools in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

The Grove Junior School

  • Ages 7-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2017
2.1miles 7 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.808334313758756,-0.3376692292757752

The Grove Junior School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 7 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 7 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the worst in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Skyswood Primary & Nursery School

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Outstanding by Ofsted in 2014
2.1miles 7 mins drive
Outstanding
Map for 51.76747588903882,-0.3031130499294454

Skyswood Primary & Nursery School is a state school that is rated outstanding by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 7 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the better schools in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

St John Fisher Roman Catholic Primary School

  • Ages 4-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2017
2.1miles 7 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.765857793806155,-0.3037679013390652

St John Fisher Roman Catholic Primary School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 7 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 4 and 11 of Roman Catholic faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the worst in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

The Abbey Church of England Voluntary Aided Primary School, St Albans

  • Ages 4-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Outstanding by Ofsted in 2008
2.2miles 7 mins drive
Outstanding
Map for 51.74763503279235,-0.34249142589111176

The Abbey Church of England Voluntary Aided Primary School, St Albans is a state school that is rated outstanding by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 7 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 4 and 11 of Church of England faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the better schools in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Sandridge School

  • Ages 4-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2018
2.3miles 8 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.78063417218719,-0.2958638993894308

Sandridge School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 8 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 4 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the worst in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

St Dominic Catholic Primary School

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Outstanding by Ofsted in 2009
2.3miles 8 mins drive
Outstanding
Map for 51.81182145870798,-0.3509596943625551

St Dominic Catholic Primary School is a state school that is rated outstanding by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 8 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11 of Roman Catholic faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the better schools in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

St Peter's School

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2018
2.3miles 8 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.74640684119945,-0.33511964415722634

St Peter's School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 8 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be one of the worst in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Prae Wood Primary School

  • Ages 3-11 , Mixed
  • Rated Good by Ofsted in 2018
2.3miles 8 mins drive
Good
Map for 51.745609808940046,-0.3590066331783799

Prae Wood Primary School is a state school that is rated good by Ofsted. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 8 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 11, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.

Based on Ofsted inspections and exam performances from schools that this data is available for, this school appears to be the worst in the area. However we do not have data available for all schools in your area, so we recommend that you make your own enquiries to establish the performance of those schools where the data is missing. In terms of performance, pupils at this school perform around the national average in Maths and English SATs

Heathlands School

  • Ages 3-16 , Mixed
  • Rated Outstanding by Ofsted in 2017
1.3miles 4 mins drive
Outstanding
Map for 51.76390444739234,-0.3318965618294244

Heathlands School is a state school that is rated outstanding by Ofsted catering for pupils with special educational needs. You can read their report in full on the Ofsted site. The school is approximately 4 minutes drive. This is a mixed school accepting pupils between the ages of 3 and 16, with no particular emphasis placed on faith.