Tag: crime

Crime Rate in London: How Bad is Your Borough?

Crime Rate in London: How Bad is Your Borough?

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One of the biggest issues facing anyone moving home is crime. This issue becomes even more pressing when your potential home is a city like London. How safe is the area you’re looking to move to? Worry not, thanks to a little help from our Property Detective reports, we’re bringing you key info on the crime rate in London. So, how bad is your borough?

How Have We Worked It Out?

To work this out, we first looked at the 33 different London Boroughs (well 32 + 1 principal division). We’ve completed a Property Detective report on the postcode of each London Borough’s headquarters. This gives us a snapshot of the crime in an area. It’s important to remember crime rates alter dramatically from street-to-street. Plus, knowing a boroughs crime rate has its benefits. Buying a property in the area? Knowing its crime rate can help you negotiate a house price. To find out the specific information for your street, enter your postcode here.

Crime in Barking & Dagenham (IG11 7LU)

When looking at the postcode for the Town Hall for Barking & Dagenham’s Council, we found:

  • 104% more crime than the national average
  • Mainly violent and drug offences reported
  • 131 anti-social behaviour offences reported in the last year
  • 110 burglary and theft offences reported in the last year

Barking & Dagenham Crime RateCrime in Barnet (N11 1NP)

The area surrounding Barnet Council’s hub seems to be a haven:

  • 43% less crime than the national average
  • Only 19 anti-social crimes reported in the last year
  • Drug offences reported are 33% lower than the national average

Crime Rate in Barnet

Crime in Bexley (DA6 7AT)

Bexley’s crime rate is a mixed bag:

  • 14% more crime than the national average
  • Mainly anti-social behaviour offences reported
  • 18% fewer burglary and theft offences than national average

Bexley Crime RateCrime in Brent (HA9 0FJ)

The area surrounding Brent’s civic centre sees its fair share of crime:

  • 335 offences reported in the last year
  • 85% more crime than UK average
  • 152% more burglary/theft offences than average
  • 84 anti-social offences reported in the last year

Brent Crime Rate

Crime in Bromley (BR1 3UH)

Theft and burglary dominate the reported offences in Bromley:

  • 284 offences reported in the last year
  • 189% more burglary and theft than the national average
  • Less anti-social offences than the national average
  • 80 violent and drug offences reported in the last year

Bromley Crime Rate


Crime in Camden (WC1H 9JE)

For such a lively area, Camden sees a relatively low level of crime:

  • 221 reported offences in the last year
  • Violent and drug offences are 57% below national average
  • 103 anti-social offences reported

Camden Crime Rate

Crime in Croydon (CR0 1EA)

Croydon suffers from a pretty high level of crime in comparison to some other London Boroughs:

  • 703 offences reported in the last year
  • 187% more crime than the national average
  • 285% more burglary and theft offences than the national average
  • 245 violent crime and drug offences in the last year

Croydon Crime Rate

Crime in Ealing (W5 2HL)

Good news for residents of Ealing, you’re among one of the best behaved London Boroughs:

  • 48% less crime than the national average
  • Only 25 anti-social offences reported in the last year
  • Violent and drug crime is 59% less than the national average

Ealing Crime Rate

Crime in Enfield (EN1 3XA)

The area surrounding Enfield’s civic centre has a low reported crime rate:

  • 100 offences reported in the last year
  • Of the crimes investigated in the last year, 89% were either unresolved or had an unsatisfactory solution for the person who reported the offence
  • Anti-social behaviour offences 59% below national average

Enfield Crime Rate

Crime in Greenwich (SE18 6HQ)

Greenwich London Borough Council’s base in Woolwich sees a high level of crime:

  • 259% more reported offences than national average
  • 380% more burglary and theft than national average
  • 73% of reported crimes investigated were either unresolved or had an unsatisfactory outcome for the person reporting the offence
  • 177 instances of anti-social behaviour reported in the last year

Greenwich Crime Rate

Crime in Hackney (E8 1EA)

Hackney can have a reputation for crime at times. The stats certainly aren’t the worst we’ve seen:

  • 444 offences reported in the last year
  • 317% more burglary than national average
  • 88% of investigated crimes were either unresolved or had an unsatisfactory outcome
  • 118 anti-social behaviour offences

Hackney Crime Rate

Crime in Hammersmith & Fulham (W6 9JU)

The area surrounding Hammersmith & Fulham Council’s base has a relatively high crime rate:

  • 206% more crime than national average
  • 162 burglary and crime offences reported
  • 109 violent and drug crimes reported

Hammersmith & Fulham Crime Rate

Crime in Haringey (N22 8LE)

Crime in Haringey appears to be relatively proportionate to the rest of London:

  • 77% more crime than national average
  • 84 burglary and theft offences reported
  • 45% more anti-social behaviour offences than national average
  • 83% of crimes investigated were either unresolved or had an unsatisfactory outcome

Haringey Crime Rate

Crime in Harrow (HA1 2XY)

The area surrounding Harrow’s Civic Centre sees a crime rate marginally higher than the national average:

  • 45% more crime than the national average
  • 29% more burglary and theft than national average
  • 12% more violent and drug crimes than national average
  • 154 anti-social incidents reported
  • 86% of investigated crimes were unresolved or reached an unsatisfactory ending

Harrow Crime Rate

Crime in Havering (RM1 3BD)

Havering Borough Council’s headquarters sees a pretty high level of crime:

  • Crime rate 173% higher than national average
  • 383% more burglary and theft than national average
  • 157% more violent and drug offences than national average
  • 75% of crimes investigated were unresolved or reached an unsatisfactory ending

Havering Crime Rate

Crime in Hillingdon (UB8 1UW)

Hillingdon falls in line with the general trend of crime rates in London Boroughs:

  • 357 reported offences in the last year
  • 138% more burglary and theft than national average
  • 109 violent and drug offences reported in last year
  • 33% of investigated crimes had an unsatisfactory ending

Hillingdon Crime Rate

Crime in Hounslow (TW3 4DN)

Compared to the other London Boroughs, Hounslow’s crime rate is relatively low:

  • Total reported crimes 63% higher than average
  • 86 burglary and thefts reported in last year
  • 56% more anti-social behaviour incidents than UK average
  • 81% investigated crimes went unresolved or met unsatisfactory ending

Hounslow Crime Rate

Crime in Islington (N1 1XR)

Considering Islington Borough Council’s offices are on the very busy Upper Street, it’s not surprising crime for the area is high:

  • In the last year, 362 offences have been reported
  • Burglary/theft is 202% higher than UK average
  • 101 violent crime and drug offences in last year
  • 83% investigated incidents were unresolved and met with an unsatisfactory end

Islington Crime Rate

Crime in Kensington & Chelsea (W8 7NX)

Kensington & Chelsea is a very affluent area. This makes crime rates particularly interesting. On the main part, crime is low however burglary and theft rate is rather high. This could be the result of the area being targeted due to its prosperity:

  • 230 crimes reported in the last year
  • Anti-social behaviour is 12% below national average
  • Violent crime and drug offences are 5% above average
  • Burglary and theft is 195% higher than the UK average

Kensington & Chelsea Crime Rate

Crime in Kingston upon Thames (KT1 1EU)

The area surrounding Kingston upon Thames’ Borough Council headquarters also sees a high level of burglary:

  • 102% rise in crime on national average
  • 178 burglary/theft offences reported in a year
  • Violent and drug related crimes are 93% more common than the average
  • 62% of the area’s investigated crimes go unresolved or reach a conclusion deemed unsatisfactory

Kingston upon Thames Crime Rate

Crime in Lambeth (SW2 1RW)

Lambeth Town Hall is in the heart of Brixton, an area renowned for its nightlife and busy atmosphere. As a result, the crime figures far exceed the UK average:

  • 653 crimes reported in the last year – 267% more than the average
  • 491% more burglary and theft incidents than average
  • 272% more violent and drug related offences than average
  • 79% of crimes reach an unsatisfactory/unresolved conclusion

Lambeth Crime Rate

Crime in Lewisham (SE6 4RU)

Crime in Lewisham certainly isn’t the worst in London:

  • 72% above national average
  • 84 burglary/theft incidents in the last year
  • 33% more anti-social behaviour reported than average
  • 117 violent and drug offences reported

Lewisham Crime Rate

Crime in Merton (SM4 5DX)

Sleep easy residents of Merton, your crime rates are among some of the best in London:

  • Total crime 14% below national average
  • Anti-social behaviour 21% below average
  • Violent crimes 15% below UK average

Merton Crime Rate

Crime in Newham (E16 2QU)

Newham sees its fair share of crime though these stats are certainly not excessive when compared to other London Boroughs:

  • 54% more crime than national average
  • 46% more burglary and theft than average
  • 32% more anti-social behaviour than average
  • 88% of crimes investigated reach an unsatisfactory/unresolved conclusion

Newham Crime Rate

Crime in Redbridge (IG1 1DD)

With a crime rate to rival that of Lambeth, the area surrounding Redbridge Town Hall is one of the worst areas to feature on our list:

  • 683 crimes reported in the last year
  • 242% more crime than national average
  • 352% more burglary/theft offences than average
  • 250 anti-social behaviour crimes reported in the last year
  • 177 violent and drug offences reported

Redbridge Crime Rate

Crime in Richmond (TW1 3BZ)

Another highly affluent area, Richmond’s crime rates are some of the lowest on the list. Having said this, it still sees more crime than the UK average:

  • 21% more crime than UK average
  • 41% more burglary/theft than national average
  • 17% more anti-social behaviour than average
  • 6% more violent/drug related offences than average

Richmond Crime Rate

Crime in Southwark (SE1 2HZ)

The area surrounding Southwark Council sees the highest level of crime on our list. Here are the stats:

  • 960 incidents reported in the last year – 533% higher than national average
  • 1,241% more burglary/theft than national average – a whopping 491 offences reported in the last 12 months
  • 262% more anti-social offences than national average
  • 341% rise in violent/drug crime on national average
  • 84% crimes investigated reach an unsatisfactory/unresolved conclusion

Southwark Crime Rate

Crime in Sutton (SM1 1EA)

Sutton is an area with low reported anti-social behaviour but high burglary figures:

  • 239 crimes reported in last 12 months
  • Anti-social behaviour offences 9% lower than national average
  • Burglary/theft 80% higher than UK average
  • 36% more violent/drug related crimes than average

Sutton Crime Rate

Crime in Tower Hamlets (E14 2BG)

Tower Hamlets is a London Borough notorious for the disparity between rich and poor. The crime rates sit on the higher end of the scale but don’t see the heights of some other areas in the capital:

  • 377 crimes reported in the last 12 months
  • 196% more instances of burglary/theft
  • 84% more anti-social behaviour than average
  • 42% of crimes investigates are either unresolved or concluded in a manner unsatisfactory to the individual reporting it

Tower Hamlets Crime Rate

Crime in Waltham Forest (E17 4JF)

The area surrounding Waltham Forest Town Hall is some of the safest in London:

  • 36% fewer crimes reported in the last year
  • 55% fewer burglary and theft offences than national average
  • Only 42 anti-social behaviour offences reported in last 12 months
  • 22% fewer violent/drug crimes reported than average

Waltham Forest Crime Rate

Crime in Wandsworth (SW18 2PU)

Wandsworth High Street (home to Wandsworth Borough Council) is another low crime area in London:

  • Crime rate is generally 6% higher than national average
  • Burglary/theft is the most common offence with 72 incidents in a year
  • 31 anti-social offences reported in the last 12 months – 52% below average
  • Violent/drug crimes 11% below average

Wandsworth Crime Rate

Crime in Westminster (SW1E 6QP)

Considering the high density of people found in the area surrounding Westminster, it’s not surprising it sees a high crime rate:

  • 1,116 reported crimes in the last 12 months – 509% above average
  • 477 burglary/theft incidents – 978% above average
  • 416% more anti-social behaviour offences than average
  • 240 violent and drug related crimes reported
  • 90% of investigated incidents were either unresolved or met an unsatisfactory conclusion

Westminster Crime Rate

City of London (EC2V 7HH)

Okay, so the eagle eyed readers will be shaking their heads right now. You’re right, the City of London is not a London Borough itself. It is however the 33rd principal division of Greater London so we thought we’d include it here. Besides, the crime rates make for very interesting reading. The very high figures are likely to be due to the population density in this area:

  • 2,115 reported incidents in the last year – 1,390% higher than average
  • 1,112 reported thefts/burglaries – a whopping 3,119% more than the average
  • 734% more anti-social behaviour than average
  • 938% more violent and drug related offences than average
  • 85% of crimes are either unresolved or meet an unsatisfactory conclusion

City of London Crime Rate

A Little Context

These figures are intended as a snapshot only. It’s vitally important not to take them as a generalised look at each London Borough as a whole. Crime rates should be looked at on a street-by-street basis.

If you’re moving home and want to find out more about your local area’s crime rate, noise pollution, nuisances, amenities, schools and much more, you can find a Property Detective report here.

How to Secure Your Home; A Crime Prevention Checklist

How to Secure Your Home; A Crime Prevention Checklist

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Your home should be a place where you feel safe, a place where you don’t have to worry about the outside world. So what happens when there’s been a recent bout of burglaries in your area? That feeling of safety soon evaporates. Living in fear of intrusion is not something any of us should experience. Now you’re beginning to worry about how to secure your home. Fear not, our crime prevention checklist will offer a few tips to ensure you feel safe at night.

Secure Your Doors

It’s common sense that you should lock your doors. Securing your doors goes a little more in-depth than this though. Look at the sturdiness of each door. Are there any weaknesses in the hinges or locks? How strong are the frames? Could you open the door if you put enough force into it? Sometimes all that’s needed to strengthen a door is a fresh set of hinges. Has your front door got a peep hole? Has it got a reliable deadlock? When buying a front door, don’t substitute safety for an option which looks good. Don’t forget to look at your back door too, often these are weaker and easier points of entry.

Strengthen Your Windows

Windows can be an attractive point of entry for burglars. Hinges can be flimsy, glass can be easily broken and sometimes, windows are simple to open from the outside. Scrutinise what protection your windows offer. Consider purchasing fresh locks and even reinforcing the glass for added protection. Do this for every window in your house. Furthermore, never forget to lock your windows before leaving the house.

Security Systems

The best deterrent for burglars is a solid security system. Whether you’re choosing cameras, alarms or a fully monitored system should be decided by your individual needs. Often, a security system in plain sight is enough to deter any attempt of burglary. Obviously there’s a significant cost associated with this but it’s worth it in the long run.

Light Up

The majority of burglars in the UK will strike during the day. If however, they choose to operate at night, a motion sensor light is a huge deterrent. This means as soon as a possible intruder approaches the house, they’re basked in a bright light for all to see.

Burglar Alarms

Remove the Hiding Places

This is quite a crude tip but it’s effective nonetheless. Remove any hiding opportunity for intruders. This includes any large bushes or shrubbery close to your door. This type of vegetation looks great but will allow an intruder extra time to analyse the house before breaking in. It will also allow them to conceal their entrance to the building.

Get the Entire Household on Board

If you live in a full house, all it takes to leave your house vulnerable is for one person to neglect security. If you’re securing your house, get everyone in the household on board. This includes children. Ensure everyone is aware of the need to lock doors and windows when they leave.

Talk to the Neighbours

Get friendly with the neighbours, explain your concerns and ask for their vigilance too. If you’re going away for an extended period of time, ask them to look out for your property. A good relationship with those living nearby will allow you to share your concerns.

Leave Valuables Out of Sight

Burglars will look through your windows before entry. If they can see valuables, keys and important documents, you’re making yourself a target. Keep anything important away from prying eyes. This includes passports and banks cards – identity theft can reap huge rewards.

Get a Dog

This is one of the greatest deterrents for any intruder. Dogs make a noise when they don’t recognise you – something every burglar wants to avoid. Often the bark is scarier than the bite so even small terriers can be enough to scare an intruder away.

Don’t Be the Low Hanging Fruit

A thief won’t just look at your house. They’ll take a walk around the neighbourhood and opt for the easiest target. Don’t be the low hanging fruit on your street. Look at the security measures of other houses and question which property would be the easiest to target. If it’s yours, you have a big problem that needs your attention.

What Does a Burglar Look For?

Thankfully, numerous reformed burglars have discussed their trade. This gives us an insight into what a burglar actually looks for when targeting a house. If you know what attracts thieves, you can work to ensure you’re not a target. Here’s what a burglar looks for:

  • Dust or cobwebs on a deadlock keyhole – a clear sign it’s not used
  • Open windows
  • Dusty house alarm – a clear sign it’s not used
  • Family calendar on show – thieves love to see your schedule
  • Keys on labelled hooks
  • Important documents in sight
  • No car on the driveway – looks like you’re out
  • Ladders and tools at easy reach – most burglars won’t take tools with them, they’ll look for yours
  • Weak rear garden fencing

Moving home and concerned about crime in your new neighbourhood? A Property Detective report will offer key insights into an area’s crime rate. Other information available includes amenities, schools, neighbourhood demographics, noise pollution and more. Get your Property Detective report here.


Property Detective Continues Work With Independent Estate Agents

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Property Detective, is pleased to announce another collaboration with an innovative and professional estate agency located in several boroughs throughout London, Elliot Lee Estate Agents.

Elliot Lee’s team members are recognized for their professional work and tireless efforts for both their clients and in support of the local community. Property Detective is pioneering the effort to increase transparency in the home buying process, through their detailed reports which are packaged with information including schools, nurseries, demographics, local amenities, crime rates, travel connections and much more.

“We are thrilled to enhance Elliot Lee’s client offering. We know they are a pioneering team with a focus on core values while using innovative methods to provide the best service to their clients,” says Barry Bridges, Founder of PropertyDetective.com.

“We are delighted they see our local area reports as a valuable asset to their professional services,” adds Bridges.

Teaming up with Elliot Lee increases Property Detective’s reach by giving Elliot Lee’s customers access to the in-depth report.


Does living in an undesirable neighbourhood shorten life expectancy?

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More scandalacious news in the Daily Mail, following our previous blog post suggesting that living near to a noisy road might increase the chance of a premature death by 4%.

This time, research from the University of Pittsburgh has found that living in a high crime neighbourhood can shorten life expectancy by as much as 12 years; or – putting it another way – those living in deprived, high crime areas were found to have a ‘biological’ age that was over a decade greater than their chronological age.

Of course, none of this should come as a surprise: we all know the stress, trauma and great upset that an antisocial living environment can cause, but until now many haven’t fully appreciated just how damaging a local area can be on wellbeing.

While we will continue to take the news with a pinch of salt, it’s yet another wake-up call that says it’s vital you check the local area before you move.



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Should you have a legal right to know who lives in your street?

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Who lives in a house like this…and do you have a right to know whether potentially dangerous former criminals are housed nearby?

Just over three years ago, when we first launched Property Detective, we commissioned an in-depth survey that examined the factors and issues that not just influenced someone’s decision as to where they want to live, but changed the preconceptions they had about an area. In other words, what things change someone’s mind the most?

The results were quite startling, but expected in part: the two things that changed people’s minds about their dream home were the brand of supermarkets locally (which is a bit of a surprise) and the presence of a sex offender in the vicinity (which is not).

Concern for Public Safety

Of course, as undesirable as an ex-offender might be, one trusts that the relevant authorities have undertaken the appropriate checks and rehabilitative steps to ensure that whoever is re-homed in the local community is not a threat to residents and can successfully reintegrate themselves into life outside of prison or care.

Except, in some instances, that process goes tragically wrong, none more so than the recent, terrible story of 22 year-old Cerys Yemm, who was brutally murdered by former criminal Matthew Williams, who befriended her whilst staying at a B&B in Argoed, Caerphilly. The savagery of the offence is better covered in the many and various news reports rather than this blog, but suffice to say it represents an extreme failing of the system’s intent to protect the public from former offenders who may still present a risk of harm.

Why this is interesting for Property Detective is that it raises questions as to whether local residents have a right to know who lives in their neighbourhood – and what sort of people are relocating there, either through their own volition, or through the [enforced] care system or rehabilitive process.

Miss Yemm’s mother – Paula Yemm – today speaks in the press, questioning “who made decisions to place him [Williams] there and what, if any, risk assessments were completed…and what went wrong?

Alongside her, Mandy Miles – the owner of the Sirhowy Arms – has revealed that the records she keeps of occupants shows that the local council has placed a number of “serious” ex-offenders within her accommodation, without warning either her or anyone in the local community.

On the one hand, this makes objective sense according to the due process of the law. When an offender is released, logic dictates that they should be free to re-integrate into society as best possible, and that the community should be confident in trusting that the system that has been designed to initially punish and then rehabilitate them has done its job; that when someone is placed into local accommodation they are relocated less as an ‘ex-offender’, but more as a ‘new citizen’, with the aims of reintegration into mainstream life as swiftly as possible.

But that doesn’t stop the stigma, or in some cases the voyeuristic desire to know ‘who lives where’. One of the more controversial but often-used powers given to citizens in recent times is that ability to check with police whether a registered sex offender is located in their street, area…or whether someone with whom they have contact has a previous conviction for a sex offence. It’s an entirely reasonable response to what many perceive to be a parental ‘right’ (although it applies not just to parents) to behave in a protectionist way with regards one’s family. It’s a good thing, we feel.

But what else should a homeowner or tenant have a right to know about the area around them? Sex offenders maybe…but what about general offenders?

Is it reasonable to ask whether your next door neighbour has a criminal record for burglary 20 years ago, in order to assess the risk of them breaking into your garden shed and stealing your hedge trimmers?

Is it reasonable to ask whether the man across the street was once given an ASBO for playing loud music at all hours, in order to assess the potential harm from them cranking out trance music at 1am in the morning?

And what about the ever-blurring line between ‘offences’ and ‘propensity to offend’…regardless of whether that propensity is objectively measured or just a ‘gut feel’?

Property Research

One of the data items we hold at Property Detective is a substantial database of locations that we feel you would want to be made aware of it you were thinking of moving to an area, yet within that there are some locations that even we feel slightly uneasy about, like PRU (Pupil Referral Units), Bail Houses and Young Offenders Institutions. We discharge any sense of guilt by reference to our role as the starting point for your property research: our aim isn’t to tell you whether an area is safe to live, but really to inform you about things you ought to go on and investigate yourself. After all, the decision to live next to a homeless hostel is your decision, and yours alone.

But what about this category of ‘potentially problematic places’, as it was so-called on our site previously?

Should a homeowner or tenant have a right to ask whether the property next door is being used to re-house homeless people in their difficult but necessary process of being reintegrated into a position of self-sustainment, employment and self-care?

Should somebody have the right to feel concerned that the former toll house down the road is now used to accommodate pupils who have been excluded from mainstream education, with a troublesome past who need local authority care to help them back into education of training?

Should the local community have the right to question the location of a ‘bail house’ nearby, on the basis that their unjustified prejudices about the potential for reoffending give rise to a just cause for concern?

In almost all these cases, one feels that the answer ought to be ‘no’, except that answer is premised on a system that works efficiently, without error. And in the case of Cerys Yemm, we know that the system does not. It breaks, creaks, leaks and fails…and entirely expectedly, one might add: no human system is perfect and it is impossible to accurate predict human behaviour, no matter how hard-working the care system operates to support the most vulnerable in our society.

So if the safeguards don’t work, then a risk must surely exist, which justifies someone’s desire to know who lives near them.

Of course, there are shades of grey at work – and yesterday’s post about NIMBYism explores the delicate balancing act between justifiable self-interest and voyeurism – but our own experience of the hundreds or thousands – if not millions – of locations, places and premises within our database that might put a prospective home-mover ‘on alert’ suggests that we wouldn’t be doing our job if we didn’t bring them to your attention.


What’s the crime rate like in Ramsgate?

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One of the things that many home-movers say ranks highly in their list of priorities is the decision to move somewhere that is safe, with low crime, which is why at Property Detective we crunch all the police data to present a very simplified, easy-to-understand, at-a-glance view of what the crime rates are for any location in England or Wales.

According to the official statistics, Ramsgate suffers from a relatively low rate of crime compared to the national average, although antisocial behaviour is higher than usual and the level of crime tends to be quite ‘pocketed’.

Total crime

In the last 12 months there were 1,480 crimes reported in Ramsgate in total, which is relatively low for the size of the area, though there are a few pockets where crime is higher:

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Types of crime

The largest category for reported crimes in Ramsgate was antisocial behaviour (30.27%), which is quite high. This was followed by violent and/or sexual offences (22.57% – also very high) and then shoplifting (11.62%). Theft and burglary (all types combined) make up 32% of total crimes in Ramsgate, which is fairly typical for a seaside town.

Outcomes for victims

Excluding crimes that are currently under investigation, a very high 78% of crimes lead to no further action on the basis that either a culprit couldn’t be identified, or there was an inability to prosecute. This is unusually high compared to other police forces nationally.

4% of offenders are dealt with by the police either locally or ‘at the scene’ (in the form of a fixed penalty, or caution); 17% end up heading to court, just 8% are found guilty and sentenced to a set punishment (fine, prison etc); a further 2% are either acquitted, or given a conditional discharge.